Bacteria, Parasites and Viruses
The following is a general list and description of the types of bacteria, parasites and viruses that can be found in dog doody posing a risk to you and your pets.
Salmonella infection is a bacteria which is typically found in raw meat or eggs and can be transferred from an infected animal's poop or saliva. People handling their pet and/or the pet's poop can get the salmonella on their hands and the inadvertently touch around their face or mouth.
E. Coli (Escherichia coli)
E. Coli is a bacteria that is found in the lower intestine and is typically benign. However, If highly concentrated, it could overwhelm the immune system, making your pet ill.
Tapeworms are long, flat segment worms that live in the digestive track of dogs and cats. Tapeworm larvae enter the body by ingesting infected fleas (host) or drinking contaiminated water. Tapeworm segments can be present in pet waste resembling rice.
Whipworms are intestinal parasites that live in the large intestine, causing severe inflammation to the lining. Dogs and cats can become infected by ingesting food or water contaminated with whipworm eggs. The eggs are swallowed, hatched and in three months grow into adults. They burrow their mouths into the large intestinal wall and feed on blood.
Hookworms are one of the most common intestinal parasites of dogs and cats. They have hook-like teeth and attach themselves to the wall of the intestines and feed on blood. Animals are infected by hookworms by ingesting the larvae from contaminated soil or water. The adults lay eggs, the eggs hatch and the larvae who are excellent swimmers travel through raindrops or dew on leaves of vegetation waiting for a suitable host animal to come along. They either enter the host by being ingested or by burrowing through the host's skin.
Roundworms are also one of the most common parasites in dogs. Almost all dogs become affected with them at some point in their life. They live in your dog's intestines and can be noticed in their doody or vomit. Roundworms can be contracted in different ways, making then easy to spread and hard to control. It is essential to keep your dog's living area clean, remove doody regularly and if possible preventing your pet from eating wild animals that may contain roundworms.
Threadworms larvae burrow in the skin then travel through the bloodstream and tissue of the throat, windpipe and lungs, ending up in the dog's lower intestine. They cause severe illness such as tummy aches, weakness, lethargy, dehydration, diarrhea, coughing and skin problems.
Campylobacteriosis is a bacterial infection that can be found in the gaasterointestinal track of healthy dogs and animals. Up to 49% of dogs carry it, shedding it into their doody for other animals to contract. Humans can contract the disease if they do not practice good hygiene after coming in contact with an affected dog.
Guardia is a simple microscopic one-celled parasite species that attaches itself to the intestinal wall causing an acute foul smelling diarrhea. It has has two forms; a fragile feeder form the exists in the gut of an infected animals or a hardy cystic forms that is shed in doody that can live several months in the environment, particularly in water and damp areas.